A Look at Common Vision Problems

Every child and adult needs to have comprehensive eye exams on a routine basis. Even if you haven’t noticed any changes with your vision, these exams are important. Your eye doctor can detect the slightest abnormalities, and in many cases, early detection and treatment are essential for the best possible outcome. Optometrists and ophthalmologists diagnose and treat common vision problems, such as:

 

Refractive Errors

Light bends as it travels through the eye, which is known as refraction. When the light focuses in front of the retina instead of on it, the result is a refractive error called myopia, or nearsightedness. Nearsighted people can see objects close to them more clearly than objects that are at a distance. Other refractive errors are farsightedness—the opposite of nearsightedness—and astigmatism, which causes blurry vision. Eye doctors can correct refractive errors with eyeglasses, contact lenses, corneal refractive therapy, or LASIK treatments.

 

Dry Eye Syndrome

Eyes need a steady supply of tears for lubrication and good health. Every time you blink, tears from the tear ducts spread across the surface of your eyes. People with dry eye syndrome might not produce enough tears, or the tears they produce might not have the right balance of oil, water, and mucus. As a result, the eyes may constantly feel gritty, irritated, or scratchy. Optometrists may prescribe eye drops for patients with dry eye syndrome.

 

Computer Eye Strain

Computer eye strain, also called computer vision syndrome or digital eye strain, occurs when a person spends long hours looking at a computer screen. Some common symptoms associated with it include headaches, blurry vision, dry eyes, eye strain, and neck and shoulder pain. Poor lighting, glare on the screen, and improper viewing distances can all contribute to this condition. An optometrist can recommend changes in the work environment and computer-use habits to alleviate computer eye strain.


Eyecare Specialties is a full-service optometry office serving Steamboat Springs, CO. They offer cutting-edge medical treatments, including LASIK, corneal refractive therapy (CRT), and digital retinal photography. You can call (970) 879-2020 to schedule an appointment.