Comparing Red and White Wine

Comparing Red and White Wine

Whether you’re looking for a great hostess gift or you wish to try a new vintage for yourself, one of the first decisions you’ll have to make is whether to buy red or white wine. There are many differences between red and white wines, and they primarily involve the method used to make the wine.

The Grapes

To put it simply, red wine is made with red or black grapes and white wine is usually made with white grapes. However, you might be intrigued to know that historically, wine was made with only one grape—Vitis vinifera. It’s thought that the Vitis vinifera species initially only included black grapes. However, a genetic mutation allowed for the creation of white grapes. Today, if you were to test the grapes used to make Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, and Pinot Blanc, you would find that all of these different grapes share the same DNA.

The Processing

In addition to the type of grape used, the color of a wine depends on the method of processing. To create white wine, the white grapes are pressed and then the stems, seeds, and skins are removed prior to fermentation. To create red wine, the seeds, stems, and skins are left to mingle with the crushed red or black grapes during fermentation. They are then later filtered out. 

It’s the mingling with the skins that gives the wine its rich color. Because of this, it’s actually possible to make white wine from red grapes. To make traditional French champagne, red grapes are crushed, but are fermented without the skins, stems, or seeds.

The Nutrition

The best way to enjoy the health benefits of grapes is simply to eat them in their whole, unprocessed form. However, consuming wine does offer certain nutritional advantages. Red wine is higher than white wine in plant compounds such as resveratrol. These plant compounds are thought to reduce the risk of heart disease and increase levels of HDL cholesterol (the good kind).

When you need to stock up on wine or liquor, visit Clark Store in Clark, CO. The friendly staff at this popular general store is always happy to help customers select a good bottle. If you have any questions, you can call Clark Store at (970) 879-3849.

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