Originally, peppers grew only in Latin America. Spanish and Portuguese explorers were responsible for bringing peppers back home and introducing them to Europe, where they quickly became popular. All peppers, including both hot and sweet varieties, are members of the genus Capsicum. Here are a few types of hot peppers you might encounter in a Mexican restaurant. Poblano Pepper Also called the “ancho,” when dried, the poblano pepper is commonly used in chiles rellenos and other popular Mexican dishes. The poblano is initially green, but turns dark red at maturity. Poblanos are mildly spicy, with only 1,000 to 2,000 Scoville heat units. The dried ancho can even taste richly sweet. Serrano Pepper The serrano is much smaller than the poblano—just a couple of inches in length. Serranos are either red or yellow-orange when ripe. Both ripe and unripe serranos are commonly used in Mexican cooking. Serranos are hotter than poblanos, at around 6,000 to 23,000 Scoville heat units. Note that smaller serranos are hotter than larger ones. Habanero Pepper Habaneros are small, plump, and round. They’re also extremely hot. They rank between 150,000 and 350,000 on the Scoville scale. If you survive the spiciness, you might detect fruity notes. Habaneros are frequently used to make hot sauce. Jalapeno Pepper You may find green jalapenos in the supermarket, although they will turn red and taste fruitier if allowed to ripen on the vine. Dried jalapenos are called chipotles. Chipotles have a smoky, earthy flavor that makes them perfect for sauces and salsas. Despite their reputation for heat, jalapenos are much milder than habaneros. They rank between 3,500 and 8,000 on the Scoville scale. Cayenne Pepper In American homes, cayenne pepper is quite often used in the form of dried powder. When left intact, the cayenne is a slender, tapered pepper. It’s quite spicy, with a Scoville rating between 30,000 and 50,000. Are you looking for fantastic Mexican food in Steamboat Springs, CO? Look no further than Azteca Taqueria, which offers hearty fare like chimichangas, enchiladas, quesadillas, and much more! You can call the restaurant at (970) 870-9980 to request information about their hours or menu options.