Systemic Health Problems That Can Affect Your Eyes

Systemic Health Problems That Can Affect Your Eyes

Your eye health isn’t limited to localized disease that occurs within the eyes themselves. Many systemic health issues can have a significant impact on the health of your eyes, and without the proper management, they could lead to vision impairment and blindness. When you visit your eye doctor, be sure to discuss your health history to better understand your risk factors for vision problems. If you have any of these systemic health problems, you may need more frequent eye checkups to protect your eyesight.


Diabetes is a significant risk factor for eye health problems. Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes can affect your eyes in many different ways. Careful management of blood glucose levels can reduce the risk of eye health problems, but even with good blood glucose control, people with diabetes still experience a higher chance of developing vision problems. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common form of eye disease linked to diabetes. It occurs when blood vessels within the retina are damaged and leak fluid. This can lead to retinal detachment and macular edema. Diabetes is also linked to a greater risk of glaucoma and cataracts.

Thyroid Disease

Graves’ disease, a condition that causes the thyroid to become overactive and produce an excess of thyroid hormone, can cause the eyes to protrude and limit eye movement. The eyes may also become excessively dry, and corneal disease may occur. When the protrusion is especially pronounced, it could also cause the optic nerve to become damaged.


Hypertension can cause many of the same issues in the eyes as diabetes. It can also cause permanent damage to the optic nerve , and failed retinal circulation, which could lead to permanent vision loss. The higher the blood pressure, the more likely it is that vision problems will occur.

Regular eye exams are a critical part of managing many systemic health problems. You can schedule your checkups at Mountain Eyeworks in Steamboat Springs, CO. To make an appointment for eye care utilizing the latest technology, dial (970) 879-2595.